Dry Eye is a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Symptoms include redness, grittiness, burning, blurred and fluctuating vision, irritation from smoke or the wind, light sensitivity, difficulty wearing contact lenses, and watery eyes. Some patients have no symptoms of Dry Eye but only show signs that are visible to their eye doctor.
There are many factors that lead to Dry Eye. One of the most common factors is simply aging. Tear production normally decreases as we age, however, Dry Eye can occur at any age. Hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause also contribute to Dry Eye. As well as diseases like Sjogren’s syndrome, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, thyroid disease, and vitamin deficiencies.
Other factors that add to Dry Eye include environmental factors as well as certain prescription and over-the-counter medications. Dry climate, cigarette smoke, the wind, and heating and air conditioning can definitely have an effect on your eyes. Among some of the drugs that can cause Dry Eye are antihistamines, beta-blockers, diuretics, pain relievers, and sleeping pills. The recent use of technology like computers and video games has increased the prevalence of dry eye. We do not blink as much as we should when performing activities like reading, watching television, using a computer, or playing video games. Blinking is our body’s way of rewetting the eye.
If you feel like you suffer from Dry Eye, Twenty Twenty Eyecare can help. We realize Dry Eye should be taken very seriously. Not only can Dry Eye be painful but it can also be sight threatening. The doctors at Twenty Twenty Eyecare recognize there are different types of Dry Eye and each type needs to be addressed accordingly. Whether that be with over-the-counter eye drops, prescription eye drops, oral medication, or surgical procedure, we take the time to uncover the best treatment for our patients.